Sutra 4.34

पुरुषार्थशून्यानां गुणानां प्रतिप्रसवः कैवल्यं स्वरूपप्रतिष्ठा वा चितिशक्तिरिति॥३४॥

puruṣa-artha-śūnyānāṁ guṇānāṁ-pratiprasavaḥ kaivalyaṁ svarūpa-pratiṣṭhā vā citiśaktiriti ॥34॥

puruṣa-artha=aim of the Purusha; śūnyānāṁ=devoid of; guṇānāṁ=of the three gunas; pratiprasavaḥ=re-absorption; re-mergence; kaivalyaṁ=final liberation; svarūpa=in real or own nature; pratiṣṭhā=establishment; vā=or; citiśaktiriti=of the power of pure consciousness॥34॥

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The State Of The Self In Itself Or Liberation Is Realised When The Gunas (Having Provided For The Experience And Liberation Of Purusa) Are Without Any Objective To Fulfill And Disappear Into Their Causal Substance. In Other Words, It Is Absolute Consciousness Established In Its Own Self.


Kaivalya is the state (of Enlightenment) following re-mergence of the Gunas because of their becoming devoid of the object of the Purusa. In this state the Purusa is established in his Real nature which is pure Consciousness.

Sw. Satchidananda

Thus, the supreme state of Independence manifests while t he guṇas reabsorb themselves into Prakṛti, having no more purpose to serve the Puruṣa. Or [to look from another angle] the power of pure consciousness settles in its own pure nature.


Ultimate liberation is when the gunas, devoid of any purpose for the purusha, return to their original [latent] state; in other words, when the power of consciousness is situated in its own essential nature.

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