Sutra 4.5

प्रवृत्तिभेदे प्रयोजकं चित्तमेकमनेकेषाम्॥५॥

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pravr̥tti-bhede prayojakaṁ cittam-ekam-anekeṣām ॥5॥

pravr̥tti=activity, pursuit; bhede=in the difference; prayojakaṁ=directing, moving; cittam=mind; ekam=one; anekeṣām=of many॥5॥

Sw. Satchidananda

Although the functions in the many created minds may differ, the original mind-stuff of the Yogi is the director of them all.

Bryant

There is one mind, . . . → Read More: Sutra 4.5

Sutra 4.04

निर्माणचित्तान्यस्मितामात्रात्॥४॥

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nirmāṇa-cittāny-asmitā-mātrāt ॥4॥

nirmāṇa=create, generate; cittāni=minds; asmitā=ego, "I-am-ness"; mātrāt=from (that) alone

Sw. Satchidananda

A Yogi’s egoity alone is the cause of [other artificially] created minds.

Bryant

Created minds are created from ego only.

Taimni

Artificially created minds (proceed) from ‘egoism’ alone.

Aranya

All Created Minds Are Constructed From Pure I-sense.

Sutra 4.03

निमित्तमप्रयोजकं प्रकृतीनां वरणभेदस्तु ततः क्षेत्रिकवत्॥३॥

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nimittam-aprayojakaṁ prakr̥tīnāṁ-varaṇa-bhedastu tataḥ kṣetrikavat ॥3॥ nimittam=instrumental or efficient cause; aprayojakaṁ=is not the instigator; prakr̥tīnāṁ=of the prakritic causes; varaṇa=obstacle, protective covering; bhedah=piercing; tu=on the other hand; tataḥ=from that; kṣetrikavat=like a farmer॥3॥

Sw. Satchidananda

Incidental events do not directly cause natural evolution; they just . . . → Read More: Sutra 4.03

Sutra 4.2

जात्यन्तरपरिणामः प्रकृत्यापूरात्॥२॥

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jāty-antara-pariṇāmaḥ prakr̥ty-āpūrāt ॥2॥ jāti=birth, species; antara=another; pariṇāmaḥ=change, transformation; prakr̥ti=material nature; āpūrāt=due to filling in or overflow॥2॥

Sw. Satchidananda

The transformation of one species into another is brought about by the inflow of Nature.

Bryant

The changes [in bodily forms that take place] in other births . . . → Read More: Sutra 4.2

Sutra 4.1

जन्मौषधिमन्त्रतपःसमाधिजाःसिद्धयः॥१॥

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janma-oṣadhi-mantra-tapas-samādhi-jāḥ siddhayaḥ ॥1॥ janma=birth; oṣadhi=herbs, drugs; mantra=incantations, chants; tapas=austerities, penance; samādhi=meditative absorption; jāḥ=born of, are result of; siddhayaḥ= attainments, mystic powers॥1॥

Sw. Satchidananda

Siddhis are born of practices performed in previous births, or by herbs, mantra repetition, asceticism, or by samadhi.

Bryant

The mystic powers arise . . . → Read More: Sutra 4.1

Sutra 3.55

सत्त्वपुरुषयोः शुद्धिसाम्ये कैवल्यमिति॥५५॥

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sattva-puruṣayoḥ śuddhisāmye kaivalyam iti॥55॥

sattva=the pure intellect; puruṣayoḥ=and of the purusha; śuddhi=of purity; sāmye=on becoming equal; kaivalyam=final liberation; iti=thus, it is said॥55॥

Sw. Satchidananda

When the tranquil mind attains purity equal to that of the Self, there is Absoluteness.

Bryant

When the purity . . . → Read More: Sutra 3.55

Sutra 3.54

तारकं सर्वविषयं सर्वथाविषयमक्रमं चेति विवेकजं ज्ञानम्॥५४॥

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tārakaṁ sarva-viṣayaṁ sarvathā-viṣayam-akramaṁ-ceti vivekajaṁ jñānam ॥54॥ tārakaṁ=liberator, that which helps to cross over the ocean of existence; sarva=all; viṣayaṁ=objects; sarvathā-=everywhere, at all times; viṣayam=object; akramaṁ=without sequence – transcending the world process; cha=and; iti=thus; vivekajaṁ=born of discrimination; jñānam=knowledge ॥54॥

Sw. Satchidananda

The . . . → Read More: Sutra 3.54

Sutra 3.53

जातिलक्षणदेशैरन्यतानवच्छेदात् तुल्ययोस्ततः प्रतिपत्तिः॥५३॥

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jāti-lakṣaṇa-deśaiḥ anyatā-anavacchedāt tulyayoḥ tataḥ pratipattiḥ ॥53॥ jāti=species; lakṣaṇa=distinguishing characteristic; deśaiḥ=and location; anyatā=difference; anavacchedāt=because of the absence of definition; tulyayoḥ=of two comparable things; tataḥ=from this; pratipattiḥ=knowledge ॥53॥

Sw. Satchidananda

Thus, the indistinguishable differences between objects that are alike in species, characteristics marks and positions become . . . → Read More: Sutra 3.53

Sutra 3.52

क्षणतत्क्रमयोः संयमाद्विवेकजं ज्ञानम्॥५२॥

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kṣaṇa-tat-kramayoḥ saṁyamāt vivekajaṁ-jñānam ॥52॥ kṣaṇa=mement, instant; tat=its (the moment’s); kramayoḥ=and its order, sequence; saṁyamāt=by samyama on; vivekajaṁ=born of discrimination; jñānam=knowledge ॥52॥

Sw. Satchidananda

By samyama on single moments in sequence comes discriminative knowledge.

Bryant

By performing samyama on the moment, and its sequence, one . . . → Read More: Sutra 3.52

Sutra 3.51

स्थान्युपनिमन्त्रणे सङ्गस्मयाकरणं पुनरनिष्टप्रसङ्गात्॥५१॥

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sthāny-upa-nimantraṇe saṅga-smaya-akaraṇaṁ punar-aniṣṭa-prasaṅgāt ॥51॥ sthāni=celestial beings; upa-nimantraṇe=on being invited by; saṅga=attachment; smaya=smile, pride; akaraṇaṁ=avoidance; punah=again; aniṣṭa=undesirable, evil; prasaṅgāt=inclination toward॥51॥

Sw. Satchidananda

The Yogi should neither accept nor smile with pride at the admiration of even the celestial beings, as there is the possibility of . . . → Read More: Sutra 3.51